• Decentralization and the fate of minorities 

      Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Cappelen, Alexander W. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2002-12)
      This paper analyses the welfare effects of a change from centralized to decentralized political authority. The potential disadvantage with decentralization in our model is that local dominant groups with rather “extreme” ...
    • The demand for high-skilled workers and immigration policy 

      Bauer, Thomas K.; Kunze, Astrid (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-11)
      This paper provides a descriptive analysis of the demand for high-skilled workers using a new firm data set, the IZA International Employer Survey 2000. Our results suggest that while workers from EU-countries are ...
    • Demand patterns for treatment insurance in Norway 

      Aarbu, Karl Ove (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-04)
      In Scandinavia, the provision of health care services has been, almost entirely, the responsibility of the public health care system. However, in the last five to seven years there has been remarkable growth in the private ...
    • Demand-side spillovers and semi-collusion in the mobile communications market 

      Foros, Øystein; Hansen, Bjørn; Sand, Jan Yngve (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-12)
      We analyze roaming policy in the market for mobile telecommunications. Firms undertake investments in network infrastructure to increase geographical coverage, capacity in a given area, or functionality. Prior to ...
    • Designing social security : a portfolio choice approach 

      Matsen, Egil; Thøgersen, Øystein (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-10)
      Public social security systems may provide diversification of risks to individuals’ life-time income. Capturing that a pay-as-you-go program (paygo) may be considered as a “quasiasset”, we study the optimal size of the ...
    • Destructive competition : factionalism and rent-seeking in Iran 

      Selvik, Kjetil; Bjorvatn, Kjetil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-02)
      Empirical evidence shows that countries richly endowed with natural resources like oil and gas tend to have slower economic growth than resource poor countries. The present paper focuses on rentseeking as a source of ...
    • Destructive competition : oil and rent seeking in Iran 

      Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Selvik, Kjetil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2005-04)
      In countries with poorly developed institutions, rent seeking may impose serious costs for the economy. Our analysis demonstrates how rent seeking distorts the economy through two channels. First, there is the direct ...
    • The determinants of economic growth in European regions 

      Doppelhofer, Gernot; Crespo-Cuaresma, Jésus; Feldkircher, Martin (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-12)
      We use Bayesian Model Averaging (BMA) to evaluate the robustness of determinants of economic growth in a new dataset of 255 European regions in the 1995-2005 period. We use three different specifications based on (1) the ...
    • Determinants of long-term economic growth redux: A Measurement Error Model Averaging (MEMA) approach. 

      Doppelhofer, Gernot; Hansen, Ole-Petter Moe; Weeks, Melwyn (DP SAM: 19, Working paper, 2016-12)
      This paper estimates determinants of long-run growth rates of GDP per capita in a cross section of countries. We propose a novel Measurement Error Model Averaging (MEMA) approach that accounts for measurement error in ...
    • Diffusion of pharmaceuticals : cross-country evidence of anti-TNF drugs 

      Brekke, Kurt Richard; Dalen, Dag Morten; Holmås, Tor Helge (Discussion paper;7/2013, Working paper, 2013-03)
      This paper studies the diffusion of biopharmaceuticals across European countries, focusing on anti-TNF drugs, which are used to treat autoimmune diseases (e.g., rheumatism, psoriasis). We use detailed sales information on ...
    • Disability compensation and responsibility 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-12)
      It is a central political goal to secure disabled individuals the same opportunities as others to pursue their conception of a good life. This goal reflects an ambition to combine an egalitarian and a liberal moral intuition. ...
    • Disadvantageous semicollusion : price competition in the Norwegian airline industry 

      Steen, Frode; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper;27/2012, Working paper, 2012-12)
      Motivated by observations in the Norwegian airline industry in the late 90s, we develop a semicollusive model with collusion on gross prices and competition on contracts for large customers (corporate contracts). The ...
    • A discrete-time stochastic partial equilibrium model of the spot freight market 

      Ådland, Roar Os; Strandenes, Siri Pettersen (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-03)
      This paper presents a stochastic extension of the classical partial equilibrium models of the spot freight market. The supply in the model is based on microeconomic analysis of the supply characteristics of a given fleet ...
    • Disease Control and Inequality Reduction: Evidence from a Tuberculosis Testing and Vaccination Campaign 

      Bütikofer, Aline; Salvanes, Kjell G.
      This paper examines the economic impact of a tuberculosis control program launched in Norway in 1948. In the 1940s, Norway had one of the highest tuberculosis infection rates in Europe, affecting about 85 percent of the ...
    • Do bottlenecks generate market power? : an empirical study of the Norwegian electricity market 

      Steen, Frode (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-12)
      The present study analyses the potential non-competitive effects of capacity restrictions – socalled bottlenecks - in the Norwegian electricity market. We specify a structural model, and econometrically identifies market ...
    • Do consumers buy less of a taxed good? 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Koethenbuerger, Marko; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-01)
      This paper shows that consumers may buy more of a taxed good if it is sold by a two-sided platform firm. Two-sided platform industries serve distinct customer groups that are connected through interdependent demand, and ...
    • Do firms really share rents with their workers? 

      Margolis, David N.; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-05)
      We use matched firm - worker panel data from France and Norway to consider observationally equivalent alternatives to the hypothesis that firms share product market rents with their workers in the form of higher wages. ...
    • Do Fossil fuel Taxes Promote Innovation in Renewable Electricity Generation? 

      Lazkano, Itziar; Pham, Linh (DP SAM;16/2016, Working paper, 2016-11-29)
      We evaluate the role of a fossil fuel tax and research subsidy in directing innovation from fossil fuel toward renewable energy technologies in the electricity sector. Using a global firm-level electricity patent database ...
    • Do Koopmans’ postulates lead to discounted utilitarianism? 

      Tungodden, Bertil; Asheim, Geir B. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-12)
      In this paper we consider variations of Koopmans’ (1960) postulates and demonstrate that these lead to a class of social preferences that is wider than discounted utilitarianism. We formulate a utilitiarian condition ...
    • Do non-enforceable contracts matter? Evidence from an international lab experiment 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Hagen, Rune Jansen; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper;2/2012, Working paper, 2012-02)
      Many verifiable contracts are impossible or difficult to enforce. This applies to contracts among family and friends, contracts regulating market transactions, and sovereign debt contracts. Do such non-enforceable contracts ...