Now showing items 161-180 of 575

    • Face-saving or fair-minded : what motivates moral behavior? 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Halvorsen, Trond; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper;5/2013, Working paper, 2013-02)
      We study the relative importance of intrinsic moral motivation and extrinsic social motivation in explaining behavior in the dictator game. We introduce a novel design that manipulates these two dimensions. The paper ...
    • Fair tax evasion 

      Barth, Erling; Cappelen, Alexander W.; Ognedal, Tone (Discussion paper;11/2013, Working paper, 2013-04)
      In this paper we analyse how fairness considerations, in particular considerations of just income distribution, affect whether or not people find tax evasion justifiable and their willingness to evade taxes. Using data ...
    • Fair tax evasion 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Barth, Erling; Ognedal, Tone (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-04)
      In this paper we analyse how fairness considerations, in particular considerations of just income distribution, affect whether or not people believe tax evasion can be justified and their willingness to engage in tax ...
    • Fairness and family background 

      Almås, Ingvild; Cappelen, Alexander W.; Salvanes, Kjell G.; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper;25/15, Working paper, 2015-10)
      Fairness preferences fundamentally affect individual behavior and play an important role in shaping social and political institutions. However, people differ both with respect to what they view as fair and with respect ...
    • Fairness and the Development of Inequality Acceptance 

      Almås, Ingvild; Cappelen, Alexander W.; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper;18/15, Working paper, 2015-08)
      Fairness considerations fundamentally affect human behavior, but our understanding of the nature and development of people’s fairness preferences is limited. The dictator game has been the standard experimental design for ...
    • Fairness in bankruptcy situations: an experimental study 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Luttens, Roland I.; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper;17/15, Working paper, 2015-08)
      The pari passu principle is the most prominent principle in the law of insolvency. We report from a lab experiment designed to study whether people find this principle a fair solution to the bankruptcy problem. The ...
    • Fairness in Winner-Take-All Markets 

      Bartling, Björn; Cappelen, Alexander W.; Ekström, Mathias; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (DP SAM;8/2018, Working paper, 2018-04)
      The paper reports the first experimental study on people’s fairness views on extreme income inequalities arising from winner-take-all reward structures. We find that the majority of participants consider extreme income ...
    • Fairness is intuitive 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Nielsen, Ulrik H.; Tungodden, Bertil; Tyran, Jean-Robert; Wengström, Erik (Discussion paper;9/2014, Working paper, 2014-04)
      In this paper we provide new evidence showing that fair behavior is intuitive to most people. We find a strong association between a short response time and fair behavior in the dictator game. This association is robust ...
    • Fairness motivation in bargaining 

      Birkeland, Sigbjørn (Discussion Papers;14/2011, Working paper, 2011-07)
      In this paper, we develop a model that captures the potential conflict between two individuals who follow different fairness principles in bargaining. This model is used to analyse the infl uence of fairness motivation on ...
    • Family stability and labor market gender convergence 

      Grytten, Ola Honningdal; Hunnes, Arngrim (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2009-04)
      The present paper examines the historical development in the structure of the family in terms of marriage, divorce, fertility and labor 1886-2007 in order to map quantitative changes. The paper draws new information from ...
    • Fast times at Ridgemont High? : the effect of compulsory schooling laws on teenage births 

      Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul J.; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-09)
      Research suggests that teenage childbearing adversely affects both the outcomes of the mothers as well as those of their children. We know that low-educated women are more likely to have a teenage birth, but does this ...
    • FDI, R&D and endogenous competitiveness 

      Pires, Armando José Garcia (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-01)
      We analyze the influence of endogenous competitiveness on multinational activity. Competitiveness is endogenized by assuming that firms differ on R&D commitment power, i.e.: some firms are leaders in R&D. We show that ...
    • Feeding the people: grain yields and agricultural expansion in Qing China 

      Brunt, Liam; Fidalgo, Antonio (DP SAM;27/2018, Working paper, 2018-12-13)
      We use modern econometric methods to analyze a recently-released sample of 3 000 Chinese grain yields. We find significant variation across provinces and persistent increases in yields over time – albeit slow compared to ...
    • Financing of media firms : does competition matter? 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Nilssen, Tore; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2005-01)
      This paper analyses how competition between media firms influences the way they are financed. In a setting where monopoly media firms choose to be completely financed by consumer payments, competition may lead the ...
    • Firm exit, vintage effect and the business cycle in Norway 

      Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Tveterås, Ragnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1998-12)
      In spite of the large and growing literature on producer heterogeneity and firm exit behavior, little attention has been paid to the vintage capital theory of firm exits as an alternative hypothesis to learning/selection. ...
    • First-best optimality in capital income taxation 

      Hilgers, Bodo; Schindler, Dirk (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-10)
      In case of risk, especially aggregate risk which cannot be insured, the literature states that for achieving first-best optimality state-dependent lumpsum taxes are absolutely necessary. However, we show in a two-asset ...
    • Fiscal corruption : a vice or a virtue? 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2002-07)
      Recent literature on tax administration in poor countries suggests there are virtues of allowing fiscal corruption. By strengthening the bargaining power of corrupt tax officers, it is argued that tax evasion may be ...
    • A flying start or no effect? : long term consequences of maternal time investments in children during their first year of life 

      Carneiro, Pedro; Løken, Katrine Vellesen; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-10)
      We study the impact of increasing the time that the mother spends with her child in the first year of her life. In particular, we examine a reform that increased paid and unpaid maternity leave entitlements in Norway. ...
    • Forced board changes : evidence from Norway 

      Nygaard, Knut (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2011-03)
    • Foreign aid and domestic politics : implications for aid selectivity 

      Hagen, Rune Jansen (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-06)
      The links between foreign aid and policies in developing countries have been at the forefront of the policy debate for decades. An emerging consensus touts aid selectivity as the solution to the failures of conditionality. ...