Now showing items 21-40 of 558

    • TV advertising, programming investments, and product-market oligopoly 

      Nilssen, Tore; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-06)
      We present a model of the TV-advertising market that encompasses both the product markets and the market for TV programs. We argue that the TV industry has several idiosyncratic characteristics that need to be modeled, ...
    • Private labels, price rivalry, and public policy 

      Gabrielsen, Tommy Staahl; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-06)
      The article examines how the existence of a retailer owned brand, private label, affects the price setting of a national brand. We find that the potential for a private label introduction may lead to price concessions ...
    • Does the tax system encourage too much education? 

      Alstadsæter, Annette (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-07)
      The Nordic countries have dual income taxation, with a proportional tax on capital income and a progressive tax on labour income. Nielsen and Sørensen (1997) argue that this asymmetric treatment of the two types of income ...
    • Social security reforms and early retirement 

      Fehr, Hans; Sterkeby, Wenche Irén; Thøgersen, Øystein (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-09)
      In order to stimulate labor market participation and improve the financial viability of the social security systems, many recent reform proposals in various OECD economies suggest to scale down the non-actuarial parts ...
    • Multinational firms : easy come, easy go? 

      Haaland, Jan Ingvald Meidell; Ian, Wooton (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-10)
      Although many countries welcome inward investments by multinational firms (MNEs), it is often perceived that MNEs readily close down production in bad times. We study the choice of an MNE in deciding whether to establish ...
    • To peg or not to peg? : a simple model of exchange rate regime choice in small economies 

      Berger, Helge; Jensen, Henrik; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-10)
      The choice of an exchange rate peg often points to a trade-off between gaining credibility and losing flexibility. We show that the flexibility loss may be reduced if domestic and foreign shocks are correlated and more ...
    • Comparative advantage and economic geography : estimating the location of production in the EU 

      Midelfart, Karen Helene; Overman, Henry G.; Venables, Anthony J. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-10)
      We develop and econometrically estimate a model of the location of industries across countries. The model combines factor endowments and geographical considerations, and shows how industry and country characteristics ...
    • Two part tariffs with partial product bundling 

      Jensen, Sissel (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001)
      When a firm operates in an industry with very large differences in consumers' willingness to pay for the service it offers, it faces a challenge in the pricing decision. It wants to engage in price discrimination, but ...
    • Two-part pricing, consumer heterogeneity and Cournot competition 

      Jensen, Sissel; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001)
      We analyze two-part tariffs in an oligopoly, where each firm commits to a quantity and a fixed fee prior to the determination of unit prices. In the case of homogeneous consumers, Harrison and Kline (2001) showed that the ...
    • Explicit and implicit incentives in fund management 

      Kristiansen, Eirik Gaard (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-01)
      Fund managers compete to attract new investors. Competition and fund management contracts provide implicit and explicit incentives for fund management. I study the combined effect of these two types of incentives on i) ...
    • Bridging the tax-expenditure gap : green taxes and the marginal cost of funds 

      Sandmo, Agnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-02)
      The marginal cost of public funds is usually seen as a number greater than one, reflecting the efficiency cost of distortionary taxes. But economic intuition suggests that since green taxes are efficiency-enhancing the ...
    • Is mobility of technical personnel a source of R&D spillovers? 

      Møen, Jarle (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-03)
      Labor mobility is often considered to be an important source of knowledge externalities, making it difficult for firms to appropriate returns to R&D investments. In this paper, I argue that inter-firm transfers of knowledge ...
    • Access pricing, quality degradation, and foreclosure in the Internet 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-03)
      Access to both a local and a global network is needed in order to get complete connection to the Internet. The purpose of this article is to examine the interplay between those two networks and how it affects the domestic ...
    • Competition and compatibility among Internet service providers 

      Foros, Øystein; Hansen, Bjørn (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-03)
      We consider a two-stage game between two competing Internet service providers(ISPs). The firms offer access to the Internet. Access is assumed to be vertically and horizontally differentiated. Our model exhibits network ...
    • Markets for public and private health care : redistribution arguments for a mixed system 

      Schroyen, Fred; Marchand, Maurice (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-04)
      Should health care provision be public, private, or both? We look at this question in a setting where people differ in their earnings capacity and express an inelastic demand for health care. We assume that illness reduces ...
    • Tax spillovers under separate accounting and formula apportionment 

      Nielsen, Søren Bo; Raimondos-Møller, Pascalis; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-05)
      It is observed in the real world that taxes matter for location decisions and that multinationals shift profits by transfer pricing. The US and Canada use Formula Apportionment (FA) to tax corporate income, and the EU ...
    • Formula apportionment and transfer pricing under oligopolistic competition 

      Nielsen, Søren Bo; Raimondos-Møller, Pascalis; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-05)
      This paper demonstrates that under conditions of imperfect (oligopolistic) competition, a transition from separate accounting (SA) to formula apportionment (FA) does not eliminate the problem of profit shifting via ...
    • Do firms really share rents with their workers? 

      Margolis, David N.; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-05)
      We use matched firm - worker panel data from France and Norway to consider observationally equivalent alternatives to the hypothesis that firms share product market rents with their workers in the form of higher wages. ...
    • On the significance of pre-existing distortions for the costs of environmental regulation 

      Mathiesen, Lars; Håkonsen, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-05)
      Recently, several papers have shown that environmental taxes are more costly in an economy with preexisting distortions than in an undistorted economy. This result applies for equal percent reductions from different ...
    • Economies of scale in European manufacturing revisited 

      Henriksen, Espen R.; Midelfart, Karen Helene; Steen, Frode (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-06)
      We test for internal and external economies of scale in European manufacturing employing a more disaggregated data set than what has been used in earlier analyses, and aim to separate externalities from common business ...