Now showing items 21-40 of 558

    • Anatomy of cartel contracts 

      Hyytinen, Ari; Steen, Frode; Toivanen, Otto (Discussion paper;25/2012, Working paper, 2012-12)
      We study cartel contracts using data on 18 contract clauses of 109 legal Finnish manufacturing cartels. One third of the clauses relate to raising profits; the others deal with instability through incentive compatibility, ...
    • Antarctic tourism and the maritime heritage 

      Basberg, Bjørn L. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-09)
      Maritime activity in the Antarctic region goes back to the 18th Century. It evolved from exploration and discoveries to commercial activities, especially sealing and whaling. Antarctic tourism is a more recent phenomenon, ...
    • Any non-welfarist method of policy assessment violates the Pareto principle : a comment 

      Fleurbaey, Marc; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-09)
    • Are all of the good men fathers? The effect of having children on earnings 

      Kunze, Astrid (Discussion paper;11/2014, Working paper, 2014-04)
      This study reconsiders the empirical question of whether men’s earnings increase because of children. Large Norwegian register data are used for brother and twin pairs who are followed over their life cycle from their ...
    • Assessing the effects of early retirement programs 

      Bratberg, Espen; Holmås, Tor Helge; Thøgersen, Øystein (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-04)
      We investigate induced retirement effects of the Norwegian early retirement program ”AFP” and emphasize effects caused by relocations of some individuals from disability pension to AFP. Our theoretical model predicts ...
    • Asset bubbles in shipping? : an analysis of recent history in the drybulk market 

      Ådland, Roar Os; Jia, Haiying; Strandenes, Siri Pettersen (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-03)
      The purpose of this paper is to investigate the hypothesis that the supercycle in the drybulk freight market between 2003 and 2005 caused asset values in the second -hand market to deviate from underlying fundamentals. ...
    • Asymmetric information : evidence from the home insurance market 

      Aarbu, Karl Ove (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-08)
      In this paper I test whether asymmetric information is present in the home insurance market. To detect the existence of asymmetric information I apply the so-called positive correlation test to a dataset containing ...
    • Atmospheric externalities and environmental taxation 

      Sandmo, Agnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-09)
      The paper reviews the theory of environmental taxation under first best and second best conditions. It argues that negative environmental externalities lead to reductions of the provision of public goods, while investment ...
    • Attitudes towards income risk in the presence of quantity constraints 

      Schroyen, Fred (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2011-04)
    • Attitudes towards large income risk in welfare states: an international comparison. 

      Schroyen, Fred; Aarbu, Karl Ove (DP SAM;20/2017, Working paper, 2017-12)
      Using survey data and the instrument developed by Barsky et al. (1997), we estimate the distribution of attitudes towards income risk in a country where many employment and health-related risks are generously covered by a ...
    • Baby booming inequality?: demographic change and inequality in Norway, 1967-2004 

      Almås, Ingvild; Havnes, Tarjei; Mogstad, Magne (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-02)
      We demonstrate how age-adjusted inequality measures can be used to evaluate whether changes in inequality over time are because of changes in the age structure. In particular, we explore the hypothesis that the substantial ...
    • A balanced view of development as freedom 

      Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-10)
      Amartya Sen, in his most recent book Development as Freedom, argues that expansion of human freedom should both be viewed as the primary end and the principle means of development. This paper provides an overview and a ...
    • Basic analytics of multilateral lending and surveillance 

      Hagen, Rune Jansen (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2005-09)
      I analyse whether multilateral lending may be justified in a world of global capital markets if multilaterals have an informational advantage over lenders in the market for sovereign debt. I show that the adverse selection ...
    • Beliefs About Racial Discrimination and Support for Pro-Black Policies 

      Haaland, Ingar; Roth, Christopher (DP SAM;02/2019, Working paper, 2019-02-05)
      We examine whether beliefs about racial discrimination causally affect support for pro-black policies. Using representative samples of Americans, we elicit quantitative and incentivized beliefs about the extent of labor ...
    • A benchmark value for relative prudence 

      Schroyen, Fred; Etner, Johanna; Eeckhoudt, Louis (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-10)
      In this paper we propose benchmark values for the coefficients of relative risk aversion and relative prudence on the basis of a binary choice model where the decision maker chooses between aggregating or disaggragatin ...
    • Beyond trade costs : firms' endogenous access to international markets 

      Pires, Armando José Garcia (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-10)
      In this paper we argue that the level of access to international markets by firms is related not only to exogenous factors such as trade costs, but also to endogenous factors such as strategic competition on R&D. In ...
    • Breaking the glass ceiling? : the effect of board quotas on female labor market outcomes in Norway 

      Bertrand, Marianne; Black, Sandra E.; Jensen, Sissel; Lleras-Muney, Adriana (Discussion paper;28/2014, Working paper, 2014-08)
      In late 2003, Norway passed a law mandating 40 percent representation of each gender on the board of publicly limited liability companies. The primary objective of this reform was to increase the representation of women ...
    • Breaking the Links: Natural Resource Booms and Intergenerational Mobility 

      Bütikofer, Aline; Dalla-Zuanna, Antonio; Salvanes, Kjell G. (DP SAM;19/2018, Working paper, 2018-09)
      Do large economic shocks increase intergenerational earnings mobility through creating new economic opportunities? Alternatively, do they reduce mobility by reinforcing the links between generations? In this paper, we ...
    • Bridging the tax-expenditure gap : green taxes and the marginal cost of funds 

      Sandmo, Agnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-02)
      The marginal cost of public funds is usually seen as a number greater than one, reflecting the efficiency cost of distortionary taxes. But economic intuition suggests that since green taxes are efficiency-enhancing the ...
    • The broadband access market : competition, uniform pricing and geographical coverage 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-12)
      In this paper we analyze the market for broadband access. A key feature of this market is that it is considerably more expensive to connect consumers in rural locations than in urban locations. We show that while competition ...